Lutein and Zeaxanthin are powerful antioxidants found in the eye, which help fight against unstable molecules and free radicals. Powerful antioxidants such as these are important in fighting against: cancer, heart disease, type 2 diabetes and Alzheimer’s. Lutein and Zeaxanthin help protect the bodies protein, fat and DNA from stress. These antioxidants have also been found to help lower the harmful effects of LDL cholesterol, which helps to lower plaque buildup in arteries. reducing your chances of heart disease. Our eyes are constantly exposed to light and oxygen, which creates harmful free radicals. Lutein and Zeaxanthin combat these free radicals, keeping our eyes and vision healthy. Supplementing with these two antioxidants is important, because they are the only two carotenoids found in the eye. More specifically located in the macular region of the retina. A correlation has been found between the quality of our eyesight and amount of antioxidants in the eye, so supplementing with Lutein and Zeaxanthin is one of the simplest ways to improve eye health.
Benefits from Taking Lutein & Zeaxanthin
- Age Related Macular Degeneration “AMD”: Supplementing with L & Z may fight AMD progression to blindness.
- Cataracts progression may be drastically slowed by L & Z.
- Cataracts risk maybe be reduced by 50% with L&Z supplementation.
- An animal study showed L and Z reduced harmful oxidative stress, which damages the eye.
- Uveitis; is an inflammatory condition in the middle of the eye. L & Z help reduce inflammation in this location.
- Rats with eye detachment who were given Lutein injections had 54% less cell death than rats given a neutral injection.
NAT Is a naturally occurring amino acid, which is important for the production of : dopamine, adrenaline, noradrenaline, melanin and thyroid hormones. Studies show supplementing with NAT may:
Benefit from Taking NAT
- Improve performance in stressful tasks
- Increase neurotransmitters; improving cognitive function, memory and mood
- Increase in daily energy by up to three hours
Alpha-GPC and caffeine supplementation have been shown to improve mental and physical performance. Alpha-GPC administration increases the release of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine and facilitates learning and memory. In athletes, Alpha-GPC supplementation prevents exercise-induced reductions in choline levels, increases endurance performance and growth hormone secretion. Caffeine has been shown to increase mental focus, acuity and athletic performance.
Benefits from Taking Alpha GPC
- Supports cognitive function(34)
- Supports exercise performance(34)
- Supports memory and learning(34)
- Supports attention (34)
- Supports cognition(34)
In the body, acetyl-L-carnitine is made from L-carnitine. It can also be converted to L-carnitine. L-carnitine is an amino acid (a building block for proteins) that is naturally produced in the body. It helps produce energy. Although it is an amino acid, L-carnitine is not used to make proteins. Acetyl-L-carnitine is used for a variety of mental disorders including Alzheimer's disease, age-related memory loss, late-life depression, thinking problems related to alcoholism, thinking problems related to Lyme disease, and thinking problems related to very poor liver function.
Benefits of taking Acetyl L-Carnitine HCL
- Improving memory problems in elderly people. Taking acetyl-L-carnitine improves memory and mental function in older people with some memory loss
- Tiredness in older people. Taking acetyl-L-carnitine improves feelings of mental and physical tiredness in older people. It also appears to reduce feelings of tiredness after exercise
- Poor blood flow to the brain. Administering a single dose of acetyl-L-carnitine intravenously (by IV) seems to produce short-term improvements in blood flow in the brains of people who have poor blood circulation in the brain
- Improving memory in alcoholics. Taking acetyl-L-carnitine seems to improve memory in 30-60 year-old people whose use of alcohol has produced long-term thinking problems
Citicoline is a brain chemical that occurs naturally in the body. As a medicine, it is taken by mouth as a supplement or given by IV or as a shot. Citicoline is used for Alzheimer's disease and other types of dementia, head trauma, cerebrovascular disease such as stroke, age-related memory loss, Parkinson's disease, attention deficit-hyperactive disorder (ADHD), and glaucoma.(3)
Benefits of taking Citicoline
- Age-related memory problems. Taking citicoline seems to help memory loss in people aged 50 to 85 years
- Long-term blood circulation problems in the brain (cerebrovascular diseases). There is some evidence that taking citicoline by mouth might improve memory and behavior in patients with long-term cerebrovascular diseases, such as stroke
- Stroke patients who take citicoline by mouth within 24 hours of having the kind of stroke that is caused by a clot (ischemic stroke) are more likely than other ischemic stroke patients to have a complete recovery within 3 months. Stroke patients who receive intravenous (IV) citicoline within 12 hours of having an ischemic stroke and daily thereafter for 7 days also have improved recovery
L-theanine is an amino acid. The human body does not produce this compound, and it is not essential for humans. Green tea, black tea, and certain types of mushroom naturally contain L-theanine. L-theanine may affect the levels of certain chemicals in the brain. These include serotonin and dopamine, which influence mood, sleep, and emotion, and cortisol, which helps the body deal with stress. A change in the balance of these chemicals can change a person’s mood or stress levels.(4) Caffeine stimulates the central nervous system by blocking adenosine, a neurotransmitter that normally causes a calming effect on the body. Taking caffeine prior to strenuous physically and mental activity, has been found to increase endurance, focus and energy.
Benefits of taking L- Theanine
- Supports sleep efficiency and quality(22,24,31,32,34)
- Counters some of caffeine’s effects on deep sleep(33,34)
- Supports a calm/relaxed mood(22,23,24,25,26,27,29,30,34)
- Supports a positive mental-emotional bias(34)
- Supports psychological and physiological stress responses(34)
- Supports healthy behavioral and cognitive responses to stress(34)
- Increased focus and relaxation
Caffeine stimulates the central nervous system by blocking adenosine, a neurotransmitter that normally causes a calming effect on the body. Taking caffeine prior to strenuous physically and mental activity, has been found to increase endurance, focus and energy.
Benefits of taking Caffeine
- Improved focus
- Improved fine motor control
- Increase in energy and work output
- Packed with antioxidants which improves Heart and Immune health
- Improved memory
Huperzine A is used for Alzheimer's disease, memory and learning enhancement, and age-related memory impairment. It is also used for treating a muscle disease called myasthenia gravis, for increasing alertness and energy, and for protecting against agents that damage the nerves such as nerve gases. Huperzine A is a substance purified from a plant called Chinese club moss.(5)
Benefits of Taking Huperzine A
- Mental impairment. Early research suggests that taking huperzine A by mouth might improve memory in adults with mild cognitive (mental)impairment
- Age-related memory loss. - Increasing alertness and energy
- Protection from agents poisonous to nerves
Phosphatidylserine was discovered back in 1941 by Jordi Folch and Howard A.Schneider and first grew in popularity in Europe. Thanks to clinical trials conducted in Italy, word of its effectiveness at memory enhancement quickly spread to the rest of the world, leading to its current state as a much sought after nootropic. PS is an aminophospholipid and amino acid derivative which is produced naturally within the body. In fact, it’s a phospholipid which makes up a sizable portion of the human brain. It should be noted, however, that while the body can produce PS on its own, most of it comes from our food.Unfortunately, the modern diet often doesn’t contain enough PS. Unless you consistently have a large helping of Atlantic mackerel, chicken heart, soy lecithin, bovine brain, and Atlantic herring, chances are you’re going to need to get your PS from a supplement.(7) Phosphatidylserine is used for Alzheimer's disease, age-related decline in mental function, improving thinking skills in young people, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder(ADHD), depression, preventing exercise-induced stress, and improving athletic performance.(6)
Benefits from taking Phosphatidylserine
- Optimizing your mood may meanusing PS in large part due to phosphatidylserine’s relationship to cortisol. Cortisol is often referred to as the “stress hormone” partly because it is involved in the body’s response to stress. PS may play a role in reducing cortisol in your body, thus having a positive benefit on your stress levels
- PS may have some neuroprotective properties, which can help people enhance their cognition. This can come in several different forms, most prominently in the learning process. With PS aspart of the diet, one study has shown that people may be able to increase the rate at which they make calculations while also improving their overall accuracy in getting information right
- research has suggested that PS could help with the symptoms of cognitive decline, primarily helping people recall information more quickly. Part of what may explain this benefit is the nutrient’s role in the production of acetylcholine, basically increasing the amount found in the body. Increased quantities of acetylcholine may help to enhance memory. In fact, this particular increase may help in other areas, such as improved learning and greater accuracy.(7)
Vitamin B1 is part of the B complex—a group of water-soluble vitamins that play important roles in cellular metabolism and energy production. It was the first of the B complex vitamins to be isolated, which is why it’s called B1. Thiamine is on the World Health Organization'sList of Essential Medicines, the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health system, because of its essential role in preventing thiamine deficiency disorders. The body concentrates thiamine in metabolically active tissues, including skeletal muscle, heart, brain, liver, and kidneys. But the body only stores a small amount of thiamine (about 20-30 mg), so it needs to be consumed consistently in the diet. Thiamine is involved in many cellular processes. It is essential for the metabolism of sugars, proteins, and fats, and is instrumental in several important processes needed to make cellular energy.
Benefits from taking Vitamin B1
- Supports energy metabolism
- Supports metabolic health
- Supports antioxidant defenses
- Supports brain function
- Supports energy generation (ATP)from carbohydrate and sugar metabolism(17)
- Essential for the production by the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex of acetyl-CoA used for the production of acetylcholine(17)
- Down regulates the production of advanced glycationend-products (AGEs)(18,19)
- Supports healthy blood pressure(20)
- Supports healthy blood glucose levels(21)
- Supports healthy insulin sensitivity(21)